Readers: Opening a book is like opening a sesame door
In the era of knowledge explosion, books are absolutely endless. It is meaningless to read more blindly if you do not read in the right way.
The ancients were erudite, and they often said that "you can see everything in learning", or "knowing nothing is a gentleman's shame". In the era of the Renaissance, the West also had a lot of people. At the end of the 16th century, Bacon said in a letter to Lord Burleigh: "All knowledge in the world is my duty."
Contemporary scholars, who would dare to say such a thing?
The specialization of learning is advancing day by day, more and more books are published, and the knowledge is getting thicker and thicker. Therefore, the later generations, the harder it is to be an Alexander in the world of learning.
However, the explosion of knowledge does not necessarily mean the increase of wisdom. I believe that the knowledge of today's people must be better than that of the ancients, but wisdom may not be. New knowledge is often richer and more correct than old knowledge, but true wisdom cannot distinguish between old and new. Knowledge, as long as you receive it, but wisdom needs to be pondered over and over again, chewed over and over again, and constantly confirmed.
If the more you read a book, the more interesting it is, and the more you gain, it is probably a book of wisdom.
Schopenhauer said: "As long as it is an important book, you should read it again immediately." What he called an important book is what I call a book of wisdom.
To test whether a book is immortal, the most reliable touchstone is of course time. The classics of the ancients have been appraised for us for some time, but for the present, we can see if they stand up to re-reading.
Among all creations, poetry is probably the most readable. As far as I am concerned, I have read "Mount Emei's half moon and autumn" and "Qi Wang's house is common" for decades and hundreds of times, but I have not tired of reading them.
Secondly, prose, novels, dramas, and even various intellectual articles, as long as they are masterpieces, they are naturally readable. The strange thing is that the poem is the shortest and should be read at a glance, but it is often not exhausted at a glance.
On the contrary, many detective stories and martial arts novels that are voluminous and make people forget to eat and sleep often cannot attract people to read them a second time. All works that win by plot will end after the truth is revealed. Really good fiction relies very little on plot. Poems have the fewest plots, and even narrative poems have fewer plots than novels, so poems are the most readable.
Zhu Guangqian said that when he gets a new book, he often chooses to turn over a page or two, and if he finds that the writing is not good, he stops reading. The same is true when I want to buy a book.
This kind of attitude cannot be dismissed as formalism, because a person must think clearly before he can write clearly; on the contrary, a person whose words are mixed and unclear must also be confused.
So if you don't read books with bad writing, you don't need to read them. Some people will immediately say that some books with clear writing are too shallow to be worth reading. Of course, this kind of statement is also possible, but since the text is clear, the superficial content is also clear at a glance, and there is no way to escape for a long time.
Any book of wisdom worth reading is worth reading intensively. RefinedThere are two situations in reading a book or work: one is active intensive reading, which is of course very free; the other is forced intensive reading, that is, the book or article is used as the object of review, translation or teaching.
If you want to discuss, translate and teach a book well, how can you not read it intensively? Therefore, critics (including editors, selectors, and commentators), translators, and teachers are sometimes forced intensive readers.
There are too many books in the world, even the books of wisdom can't be finished, not to mention the accumulation of books will be greater as the generations go. There are always more books that a person has not read than books that he has read, and there must be more works that have been tasted than those that have been intensively read.
Limited by time and opportunity, many good books can only be read briefly, but cannot be deeply acquainted with.
But this kind of nodding acquaintance is very important, because when you need a deep acquaintance, you know where to find it. Many deep friendships develop from first friendships. The wider the net of skimming, the better.
Those who really know how to read must be well versed in skimming. Even in the face of thousands of good books, they also know the difference between distance and urgency. This phenomenon can be summed up in one sentence: foolish people regard skimming as deep friendship, but wise people realize that it is just nodding and smiling.